What is Rosacea?

Rosacea is a reddish rash that affects the central region of the face. The condition tends to be chronic (with periods of transiency and recurrence) and mainly affects those with fair skin and blue eyes between the ages of 30 and 60. The rosacea rash consists of dome-shaped papules and sometimes pustules, accompanied by red areas, swelling, and scaling.

Rosacea Symptoms: Red Face, Blood Vessels, Sore Eyes, and Sensitive Skin

It was once thought that rosacea was related to acne, but it is, in fact, unrelated. There are no blackheads, whiteheads, or nodules involved with rosacea. Some of the most common symptoms of rosacea include:

  • Frequent Blushing/Flushing
  • Prominent Blood Vessels (Telangiectasia)
  • Red Face
  • Dry, Flaky Facial Skin
  • Sensitive Skin (Burn/Sting With Makeup or Sunscreen Application)
  • Aggravated by Spicy Foods and Sun Exposure
  • Blepharitis and Sore Eyelid Margins; Tired Eyes
  • Enlarged Nose With Prominent Pores & Fibrous Thickening (Rhinophyma)
  • Edema of Upper Face Due to Lymph Obstruction

What Causes Rosacea?

No definitive cause for rosacea has yet been determined; however, leading theories involve a combination of genetic, vascular, inflammatory, and environmental factors. An overactive immune defense, heightened inflammatory response and chronic skin damage due to UV exposure seem to contribute to the degree of reaction. Topical steroids are known to aggravate the condition, as do many facial oils and creams.

Rosacea Treatments Improve Comfort and Appearance

Several effective medical treatments have been found to be helpful for the treatment of rosacea. Although rosacea is a chronic condition, the symptoms can be managed to help improve the comfort and physical appearance of individuals with this skin condition. Low-dose antibiotics may help reduce inflammation, as well as redness, pustules, papules, and eye irritation. In addition, several topical treatments are available that reduce redness, inflammation, and flushing. Corrective laser and reconstructive surgery are options for telangiectasia and rhinophyma. Contact Allegheny Advanced Dermatology Center to schedule an appointment. Call: (814) 944-7109.